Why the Senate can be so unpredictable | Politics Explained

It’s even been described as a mish mash and a group of oddballs. So why all the hate?

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In Australia we have a bicameral system — the Senate and the House of Representatives. The House is the house of government, and members there represent a geographic area — known as seats or electorates — which match up with population spread.

The Senate, however, represents states or territories. The number of Senators is spread equally across the country — 12 per state and 2 per territory — giving less populated states an edge. There are also a lot of crossbenchers and minor parties in the Senate because of the voting system, known as proportional representation, which means people who receive very few primary votes can still be elected based on preferences.

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